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Energy Efficiency - Brazil and Advanced EconomiesPublicado por focs em 17/06/2015 às 09h03
This third and final post on how Brazil stands regarding economic growth and energy related parameters, compares data from advanced economies: Germany, Japan, Spain and USA.
Spain was deliberately chosen as one of the advanced economies in order to include in our analysis a heavily hit country that’s facing long term impacts from the 2008 economic crisis.
Considering the period from 2003 to 2013, Brazil outgrew all other four advanced economies, as should be expected from a developing country. Spain is the only economy that hasn’t recovered to 2008 levels.
When we compare carbon dioxide emissions and primary energy consumption, there's something interesting to notice. With the exception of Mexico and Poland, all emerging countries had growth rates of CO2 emissions higher than primary energy consumption.
For the advanced economies, on the other hand, CO2 emissions curves are consistently lower than energy consumption curves. The only exception is Japan, mostly because of the Fukushima disaster in 2011. The Spanish emissions have dropped incredibly more than the energy consumption, mainly due to the increasing participation of renewable energy sources.
The most revealing discrepancy though, happens when the rates of economic and energy consumption growth are compared. The advanced economies have been able to detach their economic growth from their primary energy consumption. With the exception of Russia and South África, all emerging countries mentioned on the previous posts had the curves of economic growth and primary energy consumption with very similar slopes.
So, while the primary energy consumption grew along with the economy for the emerging countries, advanced economies had their curves for economic and energy consumption growth on different trends, over the same period.
I haven’t extended my analysis beyond the mentioned countries, but I dare say that in a near future energy and carbon footprint indicators shall be as accurate as economic indicators to evaluate the development stage of a given economy.
To wrap this series, once again the energy intensity comparison is presented. And, alas, our performance is nothing but pitiful.
If the scenario presented is gloomy, the perspectives must be bright!
There’s no other alternative way for Brazil than to invest and plan on feasible and sustainable solutions. We must quickly bounce back to clean energy sources and rapidly implement energy efficiency initiatives.
This is the third and last post of a series, taking a look on the relationship between economic growth, primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions, from 2003 to 2013. The intention is to demonstrate how Brazil stands compared to other countries, based on data from the International Monetary Fund and British Petroleum.
|Categoria: Energia, Sociedade|
|Tags: consumo, eficiência, energia fóssil, energias renováveis|