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Energy Efficiency - Brazil and the BRICS

Publicado por focs em 17/06/2015 às 08h51

Energy suddenly has become an urgent matter for Brazilian politicians and policy makers, specially those responsible for the richest region in the country. As water becomes scarce and the raining season comes very timidly, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Espirito Santo face an unprecedented crisis of water and energy supply.

Brazil and the BRICS

We start by remembering that, although not much has been done, a lot has been said. Last year, during the VI BRICS Summit, the 52nd paragraph of the Fortaleza Declaration emphasized the group's commitment towards a sustainable development, through energy efficiency, new technologies and clean and renewable energy.

Brazil is the only country on the group that has had a primary energy consumption increase higher than GNP growth. From 2003 to 2013, Brazil's GNP rose 44,22%, while the energy consumption rose 49,70%, which clears states the inefficiency of our economy: we used more energy to produce less.

 

In the same period, India and China experienced GNP growth of over 100%. Both countries, though dealing with an enormous pressure on their infrastructure, had a lower increase on energy consumption (20,80% and 35,11% less, respectively). When compared to Brazil's curves, the gaps become clearer.

 

Even more impressive is the performance of South Africa and Russia: their energy consumption growth is completely detached from their GNP growth. South Africa's economic growth was over threefold that of energy consumption and Russia's over five times. Both countries' economic growth was very close to Brazil's yet their energy consumption grew much less.

The only aspect Brazil follows close the other BRICS countries are on Carbon Dioxide Emissions. Not a single country from the BRICS managed to reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions. In fact, the rate of growth has followed suit that of Energy Consumption for all five members.

 

Nonetheless, the figures are crystal clear, no matter how you look at them: our use of energy is very much inefficient. We could reduce a great amount of pressure off our energy grid only by taking energy efficiency measures.

 

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This is the first post of a series, taking a look on the relationship between economic growth, primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions, from 2003 to 2013. The intention is to demonstrate how Brazil stands compared to other countries, based on data from the International Monetary Fund and British Petroleum.

 

Publicado em 09/fev/2015

 

Categoria: Energia, Sociedade
Tags: consumo, eficiência, energia fóssil, energias renováveis

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